Face cleaning at home: compositions of masks and scrubs with details of application
Facial cleansing is a procedure that must be performed once or twice a month in order to keep the skin clean and fresh. It offers all the beauty parlors( in which you can select manual or hardware cleaning), but there are regular visits to the beautician while not every modern woman. You can clean the face at home. The main thing is to do it right.
- Preparation for the procedure at home
- Masks and scrubs for face cleaning
- Alternative methods of cleansing
- Contraindications self cleaning
- Facial cleansing homemade mask
- Pros and faces the house cleaning cons
Preparation for home treatments
For facial cleansing a minimum of an hour and a half time is required. You should know for sure that no one will disturb you. Remember that any cosmetic procedure is effective only if the skin has been previously cleaned. Take off makeup, wash or wipe your face with a cleansing tonic.
The upper stratum corneum is best removed with a light peel. You can use
You need to steam your skin very well. It's very simple: you need to boil water in a saucepan and keep your face above the steam, covering your head with a towel, 10-15 minutes. Even better to make a decoction of medicinal herbs: for dry and sensitive skin - yarrow, wormwood and rosemary, for fatty horsetail and chamomile. After that, cleanse the face with a clean towel. Actually, this is already the beginning of purification, because under the influence of a couple of pores are opened, and external pollution leave your face without additional help.
- Getting rid of blackheads
until the skin is cooled, it is necessary to proceed to the removal of "black spots", sebaceous plugs and eels. They are gently squeezed out with a light push from both sides, about the need to prick eels with a thin needle, pretreated with alcohol solution. All actions should be done with clean hands, ideally you need to wrap your fingers with a bandage soaked in a 1% solution of salicylic acid. The injured skin is also desirable to disinfect lotion with alcohol or with 3% hydrogen peroxide.
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Masks and scrubs for face cleaning
If the skin is in good condition and the only problem is the horny particles and "black spots" in the T-zone, squeezing is required. In this case, immediately after steaming, we treat the skin with a scrub. Small abrasive particles themselves will scrape the dirt from the pores, and the face will breathe freely. Scrubs can be taken from factory production, or manufactured by yourself.
A very fine small-grinded coffee scrub with sour cream - it makes the skin tender and velvety. If you need a very careful and delicate peeling, it can be used, for example, a scrub: take on half a tablespoon of chopped pulp of banana and apple. Add a tablespoon of creamy fat, as much oatmeal crushed in a coffee grinder and a teaspoon of honey. If the face has a wound or in acute acne, any exfoliating agent is contraindicated.
When the pores are well cleaned, comedones and purulent inflammation are removed, you need to take care of the natural protection and restoration of the skin. Put on it your favorite moisturizer, or even better - make a mask. For example, this: two tablespoons of cottage cheese rub with half a teaspoon of honey. Add one egg and whisk well. After 15-20 minutes, rinse the mask with warm water, and then wipe the skin with an ice cube. This mask narrows the pores and tones the skin.
As you can see, everything is simple. However, there are contraindications. Cleaning the face at home is not allowed for women with very dry and thin skin, if the face has many pustules and other inflammatory elements, and if the vessels are located close to the surface of the skin. In these cases it is safer to turn to a professional beautician.
Alternative methods of skin cleansing
The above is a classic way of cleaning a person at home. But sometimes alternative methods are possible. It should be remembered that the face cleaning by any of the methods should be done with great care, it is better to first try on a small area of the skin.
- Method one: salt and soda
Squeeze a little liquid soap into a jar. Add a quarter teaspoon of Extra salt and a quarter teaspoon of soda. Dampen the gauze swab in hot water, apply the mixture to the places of accumulation of black dots by circular sliding movements. Rinse with warm water after 2-3 minutes, wipe the skin with lotion. Did the procedure cause irritation? Then it should be completed by powdering talcum powder.
Most often, comedones appear on the oily skin of the face, but it happens that they occur in "dense" seborrhea. If you have such a problem, before cleaning, put on your face some oil mask, and after cleansing do not use alcohol lotions. If you have oily seborrhea, home cleansing should be done every other day. Replace it with normal soap and soap. Do this until noticeable improvement, and when it comes, clean your face once a week.
- Method two: hot compress
Dampen in a hot water a terry towel or a linen napkin, press and apply to face. Hot compress is applied for half a minute, without covering the nose and mouth. The procedure should be repeated 4-5 times. After that, a gauze pad, moistened in 3% hydrogen peroxide and then immersed in fine salt, is treated skin areas with black dots. Make light circular motions. To wash off salt it is necessary at first warm, then cold water. After that, wipe the skin with lotion and powder it. This treatment should be done 2-3 times a week until there is a noticeable improvement, and after cleaning the face as needed.
- Method three: wheat and oat bran
If you do a light facial massage with wheat or oat bran, a noticeable effect comes in a week. If you have normal skin, mix bran with milk, if fatty - with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. Mix the bran with the liquid until it forms a gruel, and it wipe the clumps of comedones for several minutes. After this, wash with warm water, rinse your face with cool water and treat with a lotion or tonic. If there is a feeling of tightness of the skin, apply a nourishing cream after cleaning. But it is better to do this not immediately, but in half an hour, after cleaning. Such cleaning can be repeated every 7-10 days as needed.
- Method four: for the most determined
This is a simple and affordable way to quickly remove comedones. The face should be thoroughly soaped with shaving foam or soap, after 2-3 minutes the foam along with the fatty layers and comedones is removed with a knife to cut the paper, which is wrapped with a thin layer of cotton wool( you can wrap the knife with a cotton disc).Press the knife more tightly and remove the foam from the center of the face to the periphery. The procedure ends with a warm and cool face, tonic or lotion. Repeat as necessary, but not more than twice a week. Be careful when using a knife! Take care not to wipe off the cotton wool, and you do not accidentally cut the skin.
Contraindications to self-cleaning
The most effective way is mechanical cleaning, when sebaceous plugs are squeezed out using various tools and devices. But at home, it is not recommended to perform mechanical cleaning, as there is a risk of injury to the facial skin and the introduction of unnecessary bacteria. If you have not been helped by the methods described above, it's best to contact the beauty salon.
Naturally, black plugs in the mouths of the sebaceous glands must be removed. If you do not do it on time, conditions are created for the onset of atheroma. But if you have ulcers or inflamed acne, you do not want to clean the face. It is better to reduce the inflammation with anti-inflammatory creams, and only after that to carry out the cleaning procedure.
Some people in general are not allowed to clean at home. If you have herpes or eczema, hypertension or bronchial asthma, epilepsy, similar cosmetic procedures can only be carried out under medical supervision in a hospital.
Face cleaning with house masks
In addition to mechanical cleaning of the face, you can use other means that help the skin to clear gradually, but for a long time. If you pamper yourself with masks regularly, your skin will be grateful and will please you with smoothness and silky smoothness. If you are already familiar with mechanical facial cleansing, you are aware that this procedure is effective. But it should not be carried out too often, since there is a very high risk of skin trauma.
The most effective mask is soap and soda. It is prepared very simply. Foam cosmetic or baby soap in a jar. Apply the foam to the skin, and apply a layer of baking soda on top. Having reacted with soap, soda will purify the pores of the skin. You can feel a slight tingling sensation. Do not worry, it will pass quickly. The mask needs to be washed off with warm water after the tingle disappears. Repeat the mask as necessary, but not more than twice a week.
Another mask, which is easy to prepare at home - mask of cream and salt. Take a moisturizer( you can use an inexpensive face cream or baby cream), add a teaspoon of salt and 5 drops of tea tree oil. Apply as a thin layer of mask on face, hold for 10-15 minutes. Attention: masks and salt-based scrubs can not be used in inflamed skin, the likelihood of burning is high.
Opponents of extrusion of black dots use special cleaning masks of industrial production or prepared at home. But the effect of them is not so noticeable as from mechanical cleaning. There is also a special plaster, which helps get rid of black dots and comedones. Its effect is more noticeable if the patch is superimposed on the steamed face. Usually it is imposed on the chin, wings of the nose, forehead. If your skin is prone to black spots and acne, clean it regularly with morning care and in the evening with a cleanser or cosmetic milk. Finish with tonic or lotion.
For greater efficiency in your tonic or lotion, add a few drops of salicylic alcohol or essential oil( depending on your skin type).Peppermint makes the complexion more smooth and beautiful, the tea tree is a magnificent antiseptic, bergamot is struggling with surpluses of fat discharges. But remember that cosmetologists do not recommend daily use of oils. The skin should rest at least 2-3 days.
Pros and cons of cleaning the face of the house
If you have ever done a mechanical face cleaning in a beauty salon, you probably know about the side effects. The procedure of extrusion is quite painful, after several days her face is inflamed and red. Many in beauty salons can not even hold back tears while cleaning their faces. Of course, if you squeeze out at home, you will not torture yourself.
The positive point of mechanical cleaning is that the eels are removed completely, and not only the top layer is removed, as when cleaning the face with scrubs. But the question about this positive moment is quite controversial, since it is impossible to know for sure whether acne is utterly squashed or not completely. Anyone who does mechanical cleaning of the face as needed, notice: the more you clean, the faster the pores of the skin are hammered again.
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Our reader has recommended a remedy that cures wrinkles better than any "folk" mask and does not concede on the effectiveness of salon procedures: nourishes the skin, smoothes wrinkles and removes bags under the eyes, the effect is pronounced after 3 rd application.
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