Diet 9: Therapeutic menu for the week
A rather unpleasant health problem is a disease such as diabetes mellitus. The failure occurs in the pancreas, whose beta cells cease to produce insulin, which is important for the processing and assimilation of glucose. To help such people, a special diet was developed. 9. It helps to establish the work of many internal organs, including the pancreas. A healthy diet allows you to achieve that the introduction of insulin is minimized or not needed at all( all depends on the severity of the disease).
- Basics of nutrition
- Features of the diet of diabetics
- Approximate day menu
- Proper nutrition in diabetes mellitus
The main task that diabetics must strictly perform is the complete restriction of foods that contain carbohydrates. This is due to the fact that during digestion they become glucose, and insulin is needed to digest it. Therefore, the less carbohydrates, the less insulin the body needs. Under the ban, diabetics have honey and sugar, jam,
Any alcohol is an unacceptable product. Alcoholic beverages are dangerous not only because they contain a significant amount of sugar, but also because they strongly affect the liver, and this is extremely dangerous in diabetes.
People who suffer from this disease in mild or moderate form, recommend special nutrition schemes. They allow to maintain normal vital activity of the organism. These include diet number 9. Sometimes such a diet is prescribed for diagnostic purposes to find out how the carbohydrates are transferred.
The total number of kilocalories consumed with this approach should not exceed 2500 units. You need to eat a little, but often. If you divide the daily ration into several parts that are equal in nutrition, then you can significantly diversify your table. It is extremely important to remember that for the organism both overeating and fasting will be very dangerous.
The story of losing weight of Marina Afrikantova for 25 kg: "For some time I was sitting on kefir and apples, on the Kremlin diet, on the vaunted Dukan diet, then ate some vegetables for a week, tried to exclude carbohydrates in general, but the effect of such diets was very short-lived. "
The main courses of the diet are prepared either in the oven or on a steam and must always be warm when served on the table. Cooked, stewed and even slightly fried foods are allowed( without breadcrumbs). Mustard, horseradish and pepper are not recommended, but cinnamon and other spices will not cause harm.
Features of diabetics
What does the medical diet 9 permit, and what remains under the strictest ban?
The basis of the diet should be fish and poultry, dairy and dairy products, lean meat. With regard to fats, you can add to the dish, both creamy and vegetable oil. You can eat eggs, certain types of bread, unsweetened fruits and berries.
The following products are available:
- rye and whole wheat bread, unhealthy bakery products;
- low-fat broths and soups( on meat, fish, bones), okroshka, borsch,
- rassolnik, soup;
- lean beef, chicken or turkey, rabbit or nutria, boiled or baked pork;
- low-fat sausage( rare);
- river or sea fish( jellied, baked, boiled);
- seafood( crabs, shellfish);
- canned fish( in tomato or in its own juice);
- skimmed milk and milk products( unsweetened yogurt, yogurt, kefir);
- low-fat cheeses;
- poor on carbohydrate vegetables( cucumbers, zucchini, lettuce, tomatoes, cabbage, eggplant, pumpkin), rarely potatoes;
- beans( beans and lentils);
- sweet and sour berries and fruits( fresh strawberries, currants, olives,
- cranberries, cranberries, pomegranate, cherry, quince, citrus and apples);
- porridge( barley, millet, barley, oatmeal, buckwheat);
- tea with milk, mineral water, broth of dogrose, barley coffee.
- any dough;
- rich fat broths, soups with noodles, rice, semolina;
- fatty bird( goose, duck);
- any fried fish, as well as carp, horse mackerel, flounder, mackerel;
- red and black caviar;
- smoked products( any);
- pickles and marinades( preservation, sauerkraut);
- fats of animal origin( smalets, duck fat);
- canned in oil;
- fatty sour cream, sweet curd mass, cream;
- spicy and salty cheeses;
- grapes, banana, raisins, dates, dried apricots, figs;
- pasta, semolina, rice;
- store juices, low-alcohol drinks, sweet sparkling water.
Approximate daily menu
If the medical verdict is made, let's consider what diet option the diet can offer 9 - the menu is quite simple, but nonetheless tasty and useful:
- For the 1st breakfast: oatmeal or buckwheat porridge, pate from lean meat or fishfillet, weak tea or a glass of milk.
- For the 2nd breakfast( about 11 hours): a glass of ryazhenka or kefir.
- For lunch: vegetable soup, boiled meat with a small portion of potatoes, fruit jelly or 1 fruit pear / apple.
- At noon( 16:00): a glass of kvass, unsweetened berries.
- For dinner( 4 hours before bedtime): cabbage schnitzel or carrot curd cheese, vegetable salad, boiled fish, tea.
You can drink unsweetened yogurt, a glass of kefir or ryazhenka before going to bed. For a day should also be eaten not more than 250 grams of rye bread.
Doctors also offer such a daily set of products:
- kefir - 200 ml;
- milk - 200 ml;
- sour cream - 40 g;
- butter - 20 g;
- curd - 100 g;
- any permitted croup - 50 g;
- tomatoes - 20 g;
- carrots - 75 g;
- potatoes - 200 g;
- greens - 25 g;
- fish - 100 g;
- chicken fillet or beef - 150 g;
- bread black - 200 g.
If we talk about what diet 9 offers in the menu for a week, then in the diet can be a variety of salads from vegetables, seafood, boiled meat. In addition, do not forget about vinaigrettes, eggplant or squash. Nobody cancels cooked steamed cutlets and meatballs, meat rolls and casseroles, hot and cold dishes, vegetable cakes and pies, omelets, stew and pancakes, vegetable purees, puddings and jellies, fruit and berry mousses. Variants of dishes can actually be many. From the diet, only those products that give rapid saturation and, in fact, are not so useful for health are excluded. Adhering to the basic rules of healthy eating, you can significantly improve your condition.
Proper nutrition in diabetes mellitus
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