Chest pain, causes of chest pain

June 24, 2018 21:45 | Symptoms And Treatment
Chest pain is a fairly common complaint with which patients turn to a doctor. Very often, chest pain can be a symptom of potentially life-threatening diseases, such as a heart attack, lung cancer, high blood pressure, pneumonia, etc. Painful sensations and perception of pain( its nature and severity of manifestation) is very individual and can vary from person to person. Pain in the chest can not be left without asking the cause, so the patient is recommended to immediately go to a medical institution or call an emergency team( if the chest pains are accompanied by poor health).



We list some diseases that most often cause the appearance of pain in the chest:

- angina;

- heartburn;

is a heart attack;

- chronic bronchitis;

- lung cancer;

- hypertension;

- Titze syndrome;

- peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum;

- intercostal neuralgia;

- fibromyalgia;

- rheumatic fever;

- anemia;

- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;

- pulmonary tuberculosis;


- pulmonary embolism;

- stenosis of the mitral valve;

- infectious mononucleosis;

- and other diseases( pain in the chest can cause more than a hundred different diseases).

Pathophysiology

Pain in the chest can occur with destructive processes in the heart, lungs, esophagus, spine, stomach and in large vessels. Most diseases in these organs are subjectively perceived by the patient as chest pains. Very often, chest pain is a symptom of a disease that is potentially life-threatening to the patient.

Diagnostic procedures

In cases of complaints of pain in the chest, the exact localization of the source of pain is primarily determined. The doctor finds out the patient's character and duration of pain, and also finds out other symptoms. Particular attention should be paid if dyspnea, palpitations, fainting, nausea and vomiting, fever and chills are attached to the pain in the chest.

Medical examination of a patient includes weight determination, pulse and pressure measurement. The neck is examined for veins or signs of a dysfunction of the thyroid gland.

Lens phonendoscope is auditioned for wheezing, pleural friction.

Breast is checked for traumatic injuries, as well as for the presence of herpes zoster.

Be sure to hold the palpation of the abdomen.

Interpretation of examination results

External manifestations of diseases that cause pain in the chest can be very different due to the individual characteristics of the patient( age, physical condition, etc.).For example, in a part of patients with myocardial ischemia, the disease at first can be practically asymptomatic.

It is necessary to pay attention to the duration of pain. Pain lasting several months or weeks can hardly be a symptom of a heart attack that threatens the patient's life. Danger of pain, lasting from several minutes to several hours, which are repeated periodically.

It is compulsory to take into account the age of patients in interpreting the results of the examination. Chest pain in children and young people under the age of 30 is rarely associated with myocardial ischemia, it is more likely that pain in this age group of patients is associated with the locomotor apparatus or lungs.

Treatment of chest pain

A specific method for treating chest pain can be prescribed only after diagnosis and detection of the disease that caused pain.
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