What vaccinations should be done for domestic cats and dogs?
Many owners of home fuzzy animals do not rush to do their pets vaccinations, the reasons can be different: some people consider it a waste of money, someone closes their eyes because of a strong employment, and someone does not understand the significance and meaning of the procedure.
Some owners are convinced that if their pet never goes outside and does not come into contact with other animals, then in vaccinations and does not make any sense, because catch a pet will simply not from anyone. But not everything is so simple: the risk still exists, because the owners on their own soles can bring from the street various viruses and infections, which after that still "live" for some time in our corridors.
That's why you should not rely on the case, hoping that you and your pet will be lucky, because all this contagious dust that we can bring with us can provoke very serious diseases, sometimes even fatal. Of course, vaccination does not give a 100% guarantee, but the probability of infection is still significantly reduced.
Should I talk about the need to vaccinate those animals that are regularly on the street? The procedure, most often, are subjected to cats and dogs, and more recently, ferrets and rabbits, who also became frequent inhabitants of our apartments.
For them, by the way, some types of vaccinations must be done only if you, together with the rabbit, are going on a trip. It is important for all responsible owners of pets to know what vaccines they need to do, and also in what order these procedures are carried out. At us in the country the obligatory vaccination is only one - against rabies.
Some owners are trying to vaccinate before the beginning of spring, in order, so to speak, to protect their pets before the beginning of the blooming summer season, when all livestock begins to come to life from winter hibernation.
However, in fact, the schedule of vaccinations should not be related to seasonality, they can be made, if necessary, at any time, just the beginning of spring - a good time for which the animal will have time to gain strong immunity before the warm season begins. After all, what is the main goal of vaccination - the creation of immunity through the introduction of a vaccine containing "killed" or weakened viruses. From such a prick the animal can not get sick, but his body will start producing antibodies necessary for the formation of active immunity.
Types of vaccines
- Monovalent( from one disease);
- Bivalent( from two diseases);
It is only natural that most veterinarians recommend the use of complex vaccines, which, thanks to a single injection, can protect against more diseases. Just as we mentioned above, vaccines can be inactivated, that is, with "killed" viruses, and modified, that is, with weakened viruses.
It is believed that inactivated vaccines are safer, because the viruses in them are lifeless, and, therefore, they can not exactly cause any harm to the animal.
So it is, but it should be noted that the effectiveness of such vaccinations is significantly lower than with the use of modified vaccines. The latter are able to form a stronger immunity, and, therefore, the pet will be protected much more reliably.
There is also a fairly common myth about imported and domestic vaccines, the latter, in the opinion of some animal owners, less qualitative compared to their foreign counterparts.
In fact, it is difficult to say which of them is better or worse, because the quality of the vaccine can be influenced by many factors: compliance with temperature storage regimes, good faith of the manufacturer, as well as ways of transportation.
If you decide to purchase the vaccine yourself, be sure to keep it in the refrigerator, examine the expiration date and the availability of the lot number and lot on the package. Also, you must give out special inserts, which are intended for gluing into the veterinary passport.
What do I need to know?
Now that you know what vaccines are needed for, you probably will agree that your pet needs vaccination, but now another question arises: what is needed for this? First you need to visit a veterinarian who can conduct this simple but important procedure, he will pick up the necessary type of vaccine for you.
It will vary depending on the type and age of your pet, the state of its health, weight, and the presence or absence of a previous vaccination.
For successful vaccination, the animal should be absolutely healthy: for this, the veterinarian must feel it, measure the temperature and make an external examination. Vaccinations should not be exposed to pets who have recently been operated on.
Next, the animal must undergo preliminary training: usually a week is prescribed to drink an anthelmintic preparation, and immediately before the procedure the doctor can offer to inject an antihistamine drug, since some vaccines can cause severe allergic reactions.
It is not necessary to refuse this injection, so your pet will be much easier to transfer the subsequent inoculation. The first vaccinations for kittens and puppies are carried out at approximately 2-3 months, usually only against infectious diseases. After another 3-4 weeks, the injection is repeated, but the vaccine against rabies is added to it. After about 2 weeks, active immunity will be fully formed.
Further repeated vaccinations should be done every year, they should be performed no earlier than one week before the expiration of the previous injection. Adult animals that have never been vaccinated can also get vaccinated against illnesses, it does not matter.
Of course, it's better if the pet's immunity is formed correctly from the very childhood, but the situations are different, better than not at all. After three weeks, the vaccine is usually repeated, but in this case the vaccine is used exclusively from infections.
After all the procedures, it is important not to allow the pet to be supercooled, subjected to stresses, bathing is also not recommended, a specialist will appoint you special food.
During this period, compulsory observe the animal: if it has vomiting, temperature, expiration from the eyes, lack of appetite and general lethargy, it is necessary to immediately contact the veterinarian.