Best food and nutrition options for a sterilized cat
If you decide to sterilize your cat, then even before the operation find out how to properly feed the pet, because the food should be special.
Why is it necessary to change the ration of a sterilized cat?
It would seem that sterilization should only affect the performance of the animal's reproductive system and the hormonal background. But in fact, such an intervention is considered quite serious, so it provokes changes in the work of many important organs.
And to avoid the problems associated with such global changes, you should reconsider the ration, because from what the animal eats, its health, mood and condition directly depends.
So why do we need to change the food? There are several reasons for this:
- Addiction to excess weight. Scientists have found that the risk of developing obesity after sterilization increases significantly, so that sterilized cats suffer from excess weight 3-4 times more often. This is due to the fact that the energy needs after the operation are reduced by 25-30%, that is, the animal needs a third less food. But the appetite at the same time increases, as the need for procreation disappears, and the stress becomes much less.
- Slowdown of metabolic processes. Because of some hormonal changes, metabolism slows down, which, first, also contributes to faster weight gain, and secondly, it can disrupt the work of important body systems.
- Increased longevity( compared to non-sterilized animals).It would seem that this should influence the health favorably. But in fact, as aging ages, many cats have diseases and problems associated with age-related changes. But they can be avoided if we revise the diet and make it more balanced, taking into account the needs of mature animals.
- Increased risk of kidney stones. This is due to the fact that, after sterilization, the frequency of urination is significantly reduced, that is, the urine stagnates in the kidneys, which can provoke the development of urolithiasis. And the formation of stones often lead to an excess of phosphorus and magnesium in the body of the animal, as well as an increased content of salts.
Specialized food or natural food?
Many owners of sterilized cats have a legitimate question about what to feed the darling: natural food or special foods? Opinions of veterinarians differ on this score. In addition, the choice should be influenced by several important factors.
The first factor is the peculiarities of nutrition before sterilization. If you have always fed a cat with natural food, then do not change the diet in a cardinal way, as this can become stress for an already weakened body after the operation.
If you initially fed the pet with food, then go for natural food is not worth it, because the digestive system is probably out of the habit of it and may simply not take some products, which is also harmful and dangerous, especially after sterilization.
The second factor is the quality of natural food. Some owners believe that pets should eat the same thing as humans. And to such an image of nutrition you can really accustom any cat. But will this be useful? Not always.
- First, some products have contraindications and can be harmful to cats, especially thoroughbred.
- Secondly, often the owners do not use the most useful food. But an animal must receive a lot of nutrients, and their lack can lead to serious problems.
How to choose the best food for a sterilized cat? There are a variety of options, both popular and little-known. Either way, the food should be special, which can be understood by marking that it is suitable for sterilized cats.
Its calorie content should be minimal, the fat content should not exceed 9-10%.In addition, the composition will include the necessary vitamins for the cat, macro and microelements and minerals. It is also desirable to choose a premium food. In addition, give preference to preserves, not dry food.
Browse some brands:
- "Royal Canin Neutered adult maintenance s / o" is suitable for feeding sterilized cats at the age of 7 years, it prevents the formation of kidney stones.
- "Hills Sterilised Young Adult" is designed specifically for feeding sterilized cats under six years old. It helps maintain normal body weight of the animal, as well as replenish the reserves of important nutrients.
- "Hills Sterilised Cat Mature Adult 7+" - feed for sterilized cats over 7 years old. The composition is developed taking into account age changes.
- "Advance Cat Sterilized" is low-calorie, but it contains the necessary amount of protein, which is important for muscles.
- "Pro Plan Sterilised Turkey" contains chicken, risk and turkey. Caloric content is reduced, which allows you to control the weight.
If you decide to continue natural food, then include the following foods in your pet's diet:
- Low-fat meat, offal.
- Inconsistent meat broths( without salt and seasonings, of course).
- Boiled eggs.
- Vegetables, for example, Bulgarian pepper, cucumbers, carrots.
- Dairy and sour milk products: milk, yoghurt, yoghurt, cottage cheese, kefir, low-fat sour cream.
- Fresh greens or sprouted grass.
- Kasha, for example, oatmeal, corn, buckwheat, wheat.
Strictly forbidden to give fish, as it contains harmful to the kidneys, magnesium and phosphorus.
General important rules
Finally, it is worthwhile to list several important rules that should be observed when designing diets and scheduling the nutrition of a sterilized cat:
- Reduce the volume of one serving by about a third. Do not let the cat overeat, even if she is eagerly asking for a new portion or supplement. Distract her by any means or ignore.
- The pet should be fed two to three times a day, and not on demand.
- If you cook dishes for your cat yourself, do not salt them! Salt, in general, from the diet exclude completely.
- Always make sure that there is fresh water in the bowl, since the sterilized cat needs to drink more, especially if it eats dry food.
- Twice a year you can give your pet complex vitamins to keep it healthy and keep fit.
If you feed the sterilized cat correctly, it will be healthy and active!