What and how to treat a dry cough in a child

April 21, 2018 16:30 | Child Health

Sooner or later, any mom wonders: What is the best way to treat a dry cough in a child? All the kids at least sometimes cough. This is normal, because cough is a protective reaction of the body - so we clear the airways in case of getting into the body of an infection or foreign body.

Cough is a reflex spasm of the diaphragm, as a result of which bronchi and lungs are released from accumulated mucus and dust. Cough can be different: wet, dry, "barking", allergic. .. And if the wet cough after the attack brings relief, the ability to breathe freely, then the dry cough usually painful, debilitating - gives parents and children a lot of unrest.

What is dry cough in children

Dry cough is the same attempt of the body to clear itself of dust and infection. However, since the mucus does not depart, it does not bring relief from such coughing. Doctors call it unproductive or dry. The child complains of tenderness in the chest with every coughing impulse, sleeps badly, breathes heavily, this condition wears him out. The slightest breath provokes all the new coughing spasms.

The main causes of dry cough

  • Acute respiratory virus diseases;
  • Pertussis;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Laryngitis;
  • Pleurisy;
  • Respiratory chlamydia;
  • Mycoplasmosis;
  • Allergic reaction( eg, to tobacco smoke or dust);
  • Foreign body in the respiratory tract.

Depending on the reasons that caused the cough, the way to get rid of it is also selected. At the first alarming symptoms, parents should immediately call a doctor to examine the child and get competent advice and treatment.

By the nature of dry cough in children,

  • is distinguished Dry, barking - with laryngitis, tracheitis;
  • Sharp - with tracheobronchitis;
  • Convulsive, paroxysmal painful cough - with pertussis;
  • Whistling - with pertussis and bronchial asthma.

Dry cough for children

Before treating a child, it is necessary to establish an accurate diagnosis - the cause of the disease. When treating a dry cough, you need to remember that you do not need to eliminate it, but make it more productive - that is, wet. However, any remedy that liquefies phlegm should only be prescribed to a child by a pediatrician! Of course, with severe attacks( for example, during whooping cough), a debilitating dry cough weakens the child, depletes the body. Therefore, the doctor can prescribe medications that depress the cough center in the child's brain. These are quite serious medications, and their appointment is made only after a careful study of the medical history of the baby. In no case should the independent use of these funds be unacceptable. And even more so - the appointment of diluting agents in conjunction with antitussive.

As a general rule, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment using dry cough remedies in children, such as:

  • Inhalations
  • Tablets
  • Syrups
  • Medicines

Inhalations from dry cough for the child

Inhalations are one of the most effective means for diluting sputum in children. A solution for inhalation from dry cough can be prepared independently at home. To do this, boil with boiling water on a tablespoon of dry mother-and-stepmother, chamomile, sage and thyme, then add to the broth a pinch of soda and kaplyufirnogo eucalyptus oil. The effect will be more noticeable if you repeat the procedure several times a day.

Recently, many parents purchase ultrasonic or compressor inhalers. As a healing solution they use essential oils mixed with mineral water, or ready-made pharmacy products. The advantage of such devices is that they can be used for inhalations of dry cough in children from birth.

Dry cough syrups for a child

When dry cough in young children, doctors often prescribe exactly syrups and potions. The drug form in the form of sweet syrup is very popular with children, and they almost do not need to be persuaded to take the medicine.

Syrups with licorice root or althea are especially effective. Plantain syrup causes increased sputum secretion in the bronchi and also copes well with the treatment of dry cough in children. These are natural preparations, effective and inexpensive. They are easy to find in any pharmacy, they are sold without a prescription.

Eleutherococcus or Echinacea syrups are shown to enhance immunity or at a temperature. When taking sweet syrups, it is important to consider the presence of allergies in children, since herbal extracts can cause individual intolerance.

Tablets for dry cough for children

Tablets for the treatment of dry cough in children are usually used at an older age than syrups. After all, the baby is quite difficult to swallow a pill, especially at the time of a fit of coughing. Nevertheless, pills are widely prescribed by pediatricians in the treatment of dry cough in children. These drugs are based on abroxol and bromhexine and acetylcysteine. Use them can only be built in accordance with the appointment of a doctor!

Recently, so-called "combined" tablets from dry cough have become popular, combining several active substances. Such drugs at the same time have both mucolytic, and antihistamine, and expectorant effect on the baby's body. They often include antipyretic and anti-inflammatory components.

Folk remedies for dry cough in children

When treating dry cough in infants, it is better for parents to abandon their own experiments and take advice from a doctor. Children, starting from the age of three, not suffering from allergies and atopic dermatitis, can give cranberry juice, tea with honey and lemon, warm milk with honey.

A warm "Borjomi" without gas is very helpful, a healing herbal tea that can be purchased at the pharmacy: plantain, chamomile, coltsfoot, black currant - will quickly help with dry cough.

Successfully proved themselves in the fight against dry cough in children, honey massage and steam inhalations from potatoes or thyme, with the addition of a drop of fir oil.

Whatever remedy you choose for treating a child's dry cough, the most important thing to remember is that coughing is only an external manifestation of unhappiness in the child's body. Dry cough in children can be a symptom of a serious illness, so do not delay the visit to the doctor.