How to remove different types of stains from clothes?
If a thing gets dirty, it's no reason not to wear it anymore, because there are a lot of ways to remove a wide variety of spots, some of which involve the use of improvised tools and time-tested folk recipes.
Recognize the spot
Before you start cleaning, you need to find out what kind of stain you are dealing with, because the type of contamination depends on the choice of this or that remedy.
- Mud stains usually have no boundaries and look like a dark plaque that does not have clear outlines. Such pollution can be called the simplest.
- The stain from fat or oil looks as if the cloth in the area of pollution is just a little wet, which is noticeable in the darkened tissue. But the older the pollution, the more light it will be. There are no contours, the boundaries are blurred and seem to be moving in different directions from the center.
- The blood stain is easy to recognize. If it is old, it will be dark brown. The contours are well recognizable, very clear. Usually the contamination is visible from the wrong side, even if the material is dense.
- The area of contamination obtained from a substance containing resin or, for example, wax, will be hard to touch and slightly convex, so it is easy to probe. As for the shade, it will depend on the color of the substance that has fallen on the thing.
- Cosmetic stains usually look like light plaque, since the particles do not penetrate into the fibers( so they can remain invisible from the underside).
- Pollution from a composition with a high sugar content will be solid, but not released above the surface of the material. The fabric in this area should be darker.
- Wine and most other drinks usually leave pronounced spots that can fade with time. Contours, as a rule, precise.
- Sweat leaves yellow spots on light objects and white on dark ones.
- Stains from rust can be determined by the characteristic brownish-red hue.
How to get rid of stains?
So, how to remove stains from clothes? Everything will depend on what kind of pollution you are facing.
Dirt, charcoal, soot
Dirt or soot can be easily removed in a washing machine or when hand washed. Use either a high-quality detergent or a soapy solution( soap is suitable without dyes and preferably on a natural basis).The water should be hot as far as the rules of care of the product admit.
If normal washing did not help, try using hydrogen peroxide or an acetic solution made from half a glass of warm water and three tablespoons of table vinegar( the concentration can be increased if the stain is stiff and the fabric is not delicate).
Greasy stains can be removed by the following methods:
- Dishwashing liquid. Just put it on a damp cloth and gently rub the area, then rinse the thing in hot water.
- If the stain is fresh, then sprinkle it with talc, starch, flour or chopped chalk as soon as possible. All these powdery formulations will absorb fat and prevent it from penetrating the fibers of the material. If the contamination is old, first sprinkle the stain with one of the listed products, then put a paper napkin or a piece of unnecessary tissue on top, then iron the area with an iron so that the fat first melts and then immediately absorbed into the powder. You can also heat starch, flour or chalk( for example, in a hot pan).
- You can apply turpentine or kerosene.
Stains from products containing milk
Remove stains from milk at home using conventional soap. But it is extremely important to use warm water, because when exposed to hot milk protein can curl up and ingrow into the fabric even more. If soap did not help, then use glycerin.
Spots from almost any beverages can be removed by folk remedies:
- Dispose of tea or coffee with glycerine or laundry soap.
- The stain from the wine can be removed with the help of regular boiling water. Simply pour it on the contamination site until the traces of the drink disappear completely.
- To remove wine from the fabric, try using hot( but not boiling) milk.
- Fresh stain from any drink can be tried with normal salt. Simply fill it with dirt as soon as possible and repeat this treatment several times, and then wash the thing.
Contamination from chocolate is well eliminated with ammonia or hydrogen peroxide.
Withdraw from the fabric of any sweet composition can be with the usual hot water that will dissolve the sugar. You can also add soap.
Rust is easily excreted by acids, for example, acetic, lemon or even oxalic. And if the stains are old, and the material is dense, then it is possible to treat the contamination site with a 2% solution of hydrochloric acid.
Spots from iron
An effective remedy for traces of unsuccessful ironing is a onion. Treat the area with juice. If it does not work, put the onion gruel at night for contamination, then wash the product in the usual way.
Remove contamination from the grass with vodka or strong saline solution( two to three tablespoons per glass of warm water).After the treatment, rinse the thing well in hot water.
Lipstick or other cosmetic products can be removed with alcohol, borax powder or, for example, turpentine.
You can try to make up toilet water or perfume with acetone, wine alcohol or glycerin.
Sweat is easiest to excrete with alcohol, and preferably ammonia. Simply moisten the cotton swab in it and pat the contamination site. If the fabric is delicate, then alcohol should be diluted with water( the more gentle the material, the more water should be).
Traces of ink can be removed with alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, vinegar, methylated spirit or soda solution. Glycerin can also help. But more effective will be the combination of several components, for example, vinegar and soda, alcohol and glycerin. The mixing proportions will be equal.
Recommendations that will make cleaning not only effective, but also harmless for the thing:
- Remember that delicate materials( silk, cashmere, wool, etc.) can not be treated with aggressive compounds, which include vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, acetone andsome others. They can just spoil the fabric.
- It is worth to be very careful when cleaning colored things, because some tools can change the shade of the product.
- Before removing contamination, be sure to study the rules of care for the thing indicated on the tag.
- Any product should be pre-tested on a small inconspicuous area of the product in order to evaluate the reaction of the material and avoid damage to the product.
- Begin cleaning as soon as possible, as removing old stains is much more difficult than fresh ones.
It remains only to wish to get rid of the stain forever and without prejudice to the thing.