What is the psychology of creativity?
All of us at least once engaged in creativity. But did you try to understand the essence of such activities? Psychology of creativity will help in this.
What is this?
What is the psychology of creativity? This is a section of psychology that studies the creation of something new, previously unknown, by man, and in the most diverse spheres of life: in science, art, technology, and in everyday everyday life.
Unfortunately, while this direction is only developing and a clear theoretical basis has not. That is, science exists only in the framework of research, experiments, observations. Yes, there are some recommendations, but there is no clear answer to the questions about how to develop creative abilities and how to introduce creativity into ordinary life.
In general, the term "creativity" encompasses not only the activities of the individual, but also the values created by it, which from the life and destiny of a particular person are transferred to society, culture, science and other spheres. And creativity is a process that can lead to the creation of a certain product. But this process is multifaceted, complex and often beyond anyone's control, except for the creator himself.
The basis of the psychology of creativity is the relationship between the process of creativity, the product, and also the "creator" itself. The process must belong to the individual, but the product subsequently belongs to the culture.
The main subjects of studying the psychology of creativity are the creative and creative thinking of man, his inner world, the so-called spiritual potential, the emotional coloring of processes, inspiration, individual psychological characteristics of the individual, intuition, imagination.
In addition, the direction also covers the impact that the creative team( if it exists) can have on the individual, society as a whole, the world situation, trends, as well as factors that stimulate creativity( these include brain attacks, some drugs,discussions and so on).
Different scientists put forward different theories. For example, Freud believed that creativity is an unconscious component and motivation. A motivation is associated with the so-called eros, that is, the attraction to life, which is based on sexual attraction. That is, the most creative part of the human mind is the unconscious.
Jung partly agreed with Freud and set the unconscious at the head of creative activity. But he also added that there are two principles in man: the personal and the creative. And the interaction of these principles will depend on the ability, properties, traits, skills.
Kelly saw creativity as an alternative to banality. He considered man a scientist and researcher who interacts with the world and interprets it, in his own way, by processing information. That is, all life is nothing but a creative process.
Allport and Fromm regarded creativity as a way of life. Rogers used the "field of experience" as the basis, which includes the sensations, events, effects, perceptions that a person selects without understanding it himself. And Maslow called creativity a function of man, which includes all forms of self-expression.
What activities can be considered creative?
Any activity can be called creative, as a result of which something qualitatively new is created. But there are simply no clear boundaries between creativity and ordinary activities, and many psychologists admit it. Rather, they can be determined, but only subjectively.
In the process of creating something, a person can rely on his own experience and on the experience of other people, as well as on some expectations, generally accepted trends. Other people's ideas can be used for inspiration, which is an integral part of the process. And this does not mean that the creator simply "stole" other people's thoughts. He transformed them, changed them, adding something of their own. And this is also creativity.
Kinds of creativity
The following types of creativity stand out:
- Scientific creativity is the discovery and interpretation of the laws of development, as well as the phenomena of the real world. Features of such a variety are logic, reliance on the abstract. The final product is knowledge.
- Technical creativity covers the practical or technological transformation of reality. It is based on effective and imaginative thinking. The products are mechanisms and constructions.
- Artistic creativity is the aesthetic assimilation of the surrounding world and reality, as well as the satisfaction of the aesthetic needs of the individual, that is, the pursuit of the beautiful. The main is visual and figurative thinking. A product is an artistic image, which is enclosed in some material object, for example, in a poem, a sculpture, a picture.
- Co-creation is the perception of works of art, their interpretation.
- Separately stands out children's creativity, which deserves special attention and is a very interesting variety. In fact, all children are engaged in creativity, because even such an ordinary and everyday activity as a game can already be regarded as a creative process, because in the process the child connects the imagination, fantasizes, and comes up with something new.
- Pedagogical creativity is a search for something new in the pedagogical sphere with the goal of giving more to the students, teaching them something special.
Are you a creative person? If so, then the article will definitely be useful to you.