What should I do if I get burned with boiling water?
According to statistics, the burn is one of the leading places in the rating of the most common domestic injuries, and most of them are burns of children under the age of 14 years. The cause of the injury is the careless handling of hot water, the first aid for such a misfortune should occur immediately, which will reduce serious consequences and reduce the pain syndrome.
Not everyone knows what to do with a burn, what actions to take, and what should be refrained from? How to determine the degree of impact? How to bandage and how to wipe? Should I lubricate the affected area with fat, or, on the contrary, try to cool down as much as possible? Unskilful and untimely actions can lead to serious consequences that will further complicate the condition of the victim, and therefore, carefully read further.
How to determine the degree of a burn?
First aid and the order of actions that need to be taken after getting injured may differ, depending on the degree of burn. As you can see, after boiling water or hot steam gets on the skin, it starts to blush, blister, curl, and in some cases even slash.
- 1 degree is accompanied by redness, swelling of the skin and pain. There is no special cause for concern.
- 2 degree - after a few minutes, blisters appear.
- 3 degree - quite extensive skin lesions, which can be accompanied by serious injuries of nerve endings and tissues, can look like a deep dark red wound.
- 4 degree - even more severe tissue damage, with pain shock can lead to loss of consciousness. And at the third and fourth degree, hospitalization and, possibly, transplantation of tissues are urgently required.
First aid for hot water burn
Depending on the location of the affected area, it is necessary to gently release the skin outside, that is, remove wet clothing, it is recommended to show special efficiency if it is made of synthetic fabrics. It should be removed as neatly as possible, especially if blisters are already appearing on the surface of the skin - it is important not to let them rip off and titillate.
An infection can easily get through the damaged blisters in the wound, which can lead to the most serious consequences. If the clothing does not lend itself, it is better to cut it, but do not let it stick to the skin.
It is recommended that the further damaged area be placed under cold water. Naturally, if it's a finger or part of the hand, then it's easy to do with the rest of the body if you directly lower it into a container of cold water.
Depending on the degree of damage, the burn site should be kept under cold water for 10-20 minutes. Cold water slightly relieve the pain syndrome, as well as stop the spread of the lesion. Burning spots can also be blown with cold air or overlaid with ice packs. If the pain is strong enough, then you can take an anesthetic.
After cold water, the affected area is drained and then bandaged with a sterile bandage to avoid contamination. To do this, it is enough to apply a light bandage, which will not put pressure on the burned place, especially if blisters have already formed on it.
By the way, special non-sticky bandages for special cases of burns are sold in pharmacies. The affected area is best kept above the level of the heart, so you can reduce swelling and speed up the healing of the wound.
Next, if necessary, you need to call an ambulance, as with serious burns, self-medication can be dangerous to your health.
The most serious are burns with oil or those whose area is larger than the size of the palm of the victim. It is also necessary to contact a specialist if the person or parts of the body, such as the genitals, perineum, have suffered, and if the victim is a child under 5 years old, a pregnant woman or an elderly person aged 60 years.
How to treat?
In case of a first degree burn, the affected area can be wiped with alcohol or vodka, but it is not recommended to use zelenok or iodine, since additional thermal effects can be applied.
By the way, fat, sour cream or butter are also not the best assistants in first aid, since they have the property of a fairly rapid formation of a film that covers the wound and does not allow heat to go outside.
In the case of burns of the first two degrees, first aid may be given with special ointments, such as Panthenol or Olazole. These drugs improve the healing process and relieve pain syndromes.
Special anti-burn gel napkins can be effective, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. With their help localization of the affected site, anesthesia and antimicrobial effect. Burns and pain can be treated with the help of folk remedies, which practically everyone has at home.
For example, freshly grated potatoes help a lot. To do this, several potatoes must be peeled off, washed, and then rubbed on a small grater and attach the gruel to the burned place. The second option - aloe juice, they need to thoroughly permeate the bandage, which you will impose on the burn.
Another way is green or black tea. It must be brewed, and then cooled to 15 °.Struck places should be thoroughly brewed, then apply a bandage, also moistened in tea.
Burns can be treated with decoction based on oak bark. To make it, you need to pour 40 g of chopped oak bark with a glass of boiling water. Next, on a small fire, boil for five minutes, cool and strain through gauze or a fine strainer.
With the help of the resulting decoction, it is possible to treat the burn site, and also use it for lotions. Also not bad help ordinary cabbage leaves - you need to take a couple of pieces, rinse, and then put on for a few hours on the affected area of the skin.
A promising and well-known folk remedy in such situations is propolis ointment and sea buckthorn oil, after the timely application of which, the burn passes much faster and scarcely remains of it.
It is not difficult to prepare it: take 10 g of propolis and grate it. Next 100 g of Vaseline boil and mix with crushed propolis, the resulting ointment to cool.