Varicose veins, varicose veins, symptoms and treatment

May 29, 2018 15:45 | Symptoms And Treatment
Varicose veins are most commonly seen in the veins located on the legs( but may also occur elsewhere).The veins in the legs can be divided into three types: superficial( located directly under the skin), deep( deep in the muscles) and perforating( these veins are connecting between the superficial and deep veins).Primarily from the varicose veins are affected.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins are not fully understood, but it is clearly established that predisposition to the disease is inherited. The risk of developing varicose is increased in the following cases: during adolescent puberty, with the use of birth control pills, during pregnancy and menopause in women. It is worth noting that women develop varicose veins more often than men.

In pregnancy, varicose veins develop mainly during the first trimester. The first months of pregnancy are characterized by the maximum instability of the hormonal background of a woman, which directly affects the development of varicose veins. After delivery in most women, varicose veins pass by itself, without additional treatment, within two to three months.

Other predisposing factors include elderly age, standing work( for example, hairdressers), obesity and leg injuries.

According to the National Institutes of Health( USA), about 60% of the total US population suffers from varicose veins of one degree or another.

Symptoms of varicose veins

In many patients, varicose veins are asymptomatic, especially in the mild stage of the disease. In the future, changes in the veins( swelling and knots) that are visible to the naked eye are formed. This cosmetic defect for many people can become a serious emotional problem. There are cases of development of deep depression in people suffering from varicose veins( the patient experiences a feeling of shame and inferiority due to swollen deformed veins).

In addition to cosmetic visual defects, there are other symptoms:

- discomfort and heaviness in the legs( especially in the evenings);

- swelling of the ankles;

- skin damage( scars appear, skin may darken and turn brown);

- eczema;

- ulcerative lesions of the skin in the places of varicose nodules.

In advanced cases, thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis develop. There is rarely internal bleeding.

Diagnosis of varicose veins

To diagnose a specialist, it is sufficient to examine the patient. With varicose deep veins, as well as with varicose in the groin and elsewhere, ultrasound and duplex scanning may be required.

Treatment of varicose veins

To date, official medicine offers the following available treatments for varicose veins:

- surgical treatment;

- intravenous laser therapy( intravascular coagulation);

- foam vein sclerotherapy;

- radiofrequency ablation of veins( radiofrequency obliteration).

The method of treatment can be prescribed only by the attending physician, based on the stage of the disease and the peculiarities of the course of varicose veins in your particular case.

With lighter forms of varicose veins, compression elastic stockings can be used that compress the veins and prevent back flow of blood. However, wearing such stockings is not a cure, but a means to stop the further development of the disease. Some patients believe that they were cured due to folk methods of treatment of varicose veins, but neither confirm nor disprove their words, since no serious research has so far been conducted on the effectiveness of traditional medicine in the treatment of varicose veins.
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