Hygiene of children's entertainment: theater, cinema and matinees

June 08, 2018 13:15 | Kids At School
Rest of children and adolescents is inextricably linked with cultural entertainment, which should provide extracurricular activities. Entertainment such as theater, cinema, literary and musical performances, etc., are not only of great educational, but also of hygienic importance, since they provide a solid rest for children and teenagers. However, rest is provided for all these activities only when they meet the requirements of school hygiene. It must be borne in mind that out-of-school cinema, theater, literary and musical matinees and evenings act on the emotional sphere of children and adolescents. Excessive infatuation with them can adversely affect the nervous system of children and adolescents and cause significant nervous excitement. Especially this influence is strengthened in the event that the content of a film or a performance is very concerned about children and adolescents. In addition, it should be borne in mind that most of these forms of extracurricular activities are conducted, as a rule, in closed premises.


The content of theatrical plays and other works, as well as movies, must correspond to the age of children and adolescents. Do not abuse the visit of such plays and films that by their content can overly excite children and adolescents and harmfully reflect on their nervous system, for example, a heavy drama in a play or film. As a result of nervous excitement, children and adolescents have a restless sleep( talking in a dream, moaning, etc.), sometimes insomnia, headaches, etc. In this regard, for children and adolescents it is necessary to arrange specially designed theatrical performances, film shows and so on., whose content corresponds to their age-related interests and understanding.

Entertainment associated with visual acuity and to some extent affect the nervous system of children and adolescents, require their rationing in time and hygienic organization. So, for example, for children's out-of-school cinema, you need: careful equipment of the cinema hall and ensuring its rapid and intensive airing, a good film film quality, a slow process of its demonstration, and obligatory interventions to provide rest for the eyes. Between the sessions, the cinema hall should be thoroughly ventilated. With children and teenagers waiting for the beginning of the film show, it is desirable to conduct outdoor games, the best in the open air.

In children's theaters, it is also necessary to use the intermission time for airing the auditorium and putting children out in the foyer for games. During the stay of children and adolescents in the auditorium and the course of the performance, the foyers and corridors should be ventilated.

You can not allow children and teenagers to visit movies and theaters in the late evening hours, as usually they do not have enough time to sleep. In addition, a dream immediately after a visionary performance or film that in some way orients a child( adolescent), usually runs uneasily and does not allow him to fully restore his strength.

In ordinary school days, children aged 8-11 years old, students in the first shift, should be at home after a particular extracurricular activities no later than 7 hours. For children 7 years old, extracurricular activities should be carried out during the daytime at weekends. Children aged 12-14 years must be at home no later than 8 pm, and adolescents 15-17 years, no later than 9 pm. For high school students, if they are studying in the second shift, an exception can be made in individual days in this direction. Proceeding from what has been said, it is necessary to draw up a schedule of children's out-of-school institutions.

Entertainment of children and adolescents should not be too long and should be rationed according to the age of children and adolescents and the type of extracurricular work. We must ensure that children and adolescents attend such extracurricular activities as a cinema, literary and musical evenings, etc., not more often than once a week. Follow the hygiene requirements for these educational and educational types of out-of-school work should be watched by parents, school teachers and, first of all, leaders and teachers of children's out-of-school institutions, as if violating these requirements, extracurricular work instead of good will harm the health of children and adolescents.